How to Check If an Array Contains All Elements of Another Array in PHP

In the dynamic world of PHP, checking whether an array contains all the elements of another array is a common challenge. This blog post will guide you through a simple and effective method to tackle this scenario, ensuring your PHP code is both efficient and reliable.

Navigating PHP Arrays for Inclusion

The Challenge

Imagine you have two arrays, and you want to confirm that every element from the second array exists in the first array. This is a common scenario when validating user input, comparing data sets, or handling form submissions.

The Solution: array_diff()

PHP provides a handy function called array_diff(), which calculates the difference between arrays. If the difference is an empty array, it means that all elements from the second array exist in the first array.

Breaking it Down

  • array_diff($array2, $array1): This function compares the values of two arrays and returns the differences. In our case, it returns an array of elements that exist in $array2 but not in $array1.
  • if (empty($diff)): This condition checks if the resulting array is empty, indicating that all elements of $array2 are present in $array1.

Real-World Example

Let’s consider a real-world example where you want to ensure that a user-submitted list of preferences matches the available options:


Checking if an array contains all elements of another array in PHP doesn’t have to be a headache. With the power of array_diff(), you can efficiently handle such comparisons, ensuring your PHP code remains clean and effective.

Next time you’re dealing with arrays in PHP, remember this handy technique. Happy coding!

In the world of PHP, array comparisons are like finding matching puzzle pieces. Enjoy the matching game and keep coding with joy!

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